The Qur’an discusses some relatively superficial incidents in the life of Jesus. However, in spite of the fact that the Qur’an, and some Muslims, holds Jesus in high regard as a Prophet, the Qur’an says virtually nothing about the teachings of Jesus. For that, we must turn to the Bible and the New Testament where those who were witnesses to His life, works, and teachings established a record. Muhammad lived 600 years after Jesus and had a poor understanding of the New Testament and a poorer understanding of the teachings of Jesus.
There are many wonderful materials giving biblical answers to Islam and the Qur’an and I have listed a few links below. In this present post, let us focus on a single point. The Qur’an goes to great length to record the virgin birth. Yet, Muhammad insists that Jesus is no more than a Prophet like Noah and Moses (Sura 5:75). What then is the significance of the virgin birth?
The virgin birth is an essential doctrine of historic Christianity. To be the perfect sacrifice required that Jesus be free of sin. Yet, Christ also had to be fully man. The virgin birth solved both of these requirements: Christ was born of a woman so as to be fully man; yet was born as result of the miraculous intervention of God, by means of the Holy Spirit — the result of which was that Adam’s sin nature was not passed to Jesus.
The virgin birth was prophesied in the Old Testament, “Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call Him Immanuel” (Isaiah 7:14). The Apostles recognized Isaiah’s sign as applying to Jesus. They affirmed the virgin birth. “All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: ‘The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call Him Immanuel’ — which means, ‘God with us'” (Matthew 1:22-23).
The virgin birth was announced in the New Testament. “You will be with child and give birth to a son. ‘How will this be,’ Mary asked the angel, ‘since I am a virgin?’ The angel answered, ‘The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the Holy One to be born will be called the Son of God” (Luke 1:34-35).
Muhammad, and the Qur’an, misses the significance of this historical event. Jesus was born of a virgin because he was not like other prophets. Jesus arrived as the Lamb of God, ready to take away the sins of the world.
Muslim teachers also object to other teachings in the Bible. Here are a few topics and some online resources to reinforce the biblical truth and your Christian faith.
Islam and the Resurrection
Islam and the Trinity
Islam and the Bible
Islam and Jesus as the Son of God?
Here is the post that started this discussion.