These are just two of the questions one asks when learning hermeneutics. This discipline applies to all ancient literature but is under attack by those contemporary philosophers that promote ‘personalizing’ the text. That is, it means whatever it means to you. This is of course the logical extension of post-modernism into the arena of literature.
Biblical interpretation requires higher standards and more rigorous discipline from believers. We are not free to ‘personalize’ a text in this way. Moses, Paul, and Isaiah had something to say and we need to grasp what they meant, not merely what we want.
Scot McKnight has developed an interactive quiz along with Christianity Today. I suggest you take the test and reflect on what your score means for your personal walk with Christ and your commitment to Scripture.
BTW – I scored 52 which makes me Conservative in my approach to Scripture